Technology Can Be Crazy-Making


I’m taking a wee pause from the travel and expat posts to seethe publicly about technology, namely outages on my web host’s servers that have been taking down my five websites on a too-frequent basis lately. It’s been happening sporadically but the frequency is steadily rising. You may have noticed it already or been lucky that you haven’t yet. It’s a consumer problem for which moving hosts seems to be the simplest of solutions… or, is it?

Just like moving in real life, making a digital move of domains and content is all kinds of hassle. Plus, no web host is immune from server issues and thus it’s somewhat of a time/expense gamble to move, only to find out the green is not greener on the other side. And, while I’m tossing metaphors around, I’m on the fence about moving since I’ve been with this host for more than 10 (!) years. A web eternity! Not from loyalty, however, it’s based on the usual formula of price / customer service / reliability, but the reliability measure is heading into the red zone: on Wednesday they deactivated my entire account after it was flagged for spam posting (what??) and it took some convincing that I did no such thing!

Anyway, the outages have become a real issue and I decided to write this post to acknowledge that I’m aware of them and notified the Powers That Be. But unless I can prove the outages in real-time (which is often while I’m asleep and they don’t accept the emailed notifications I’m given by my website monitor as proof), I can’t build a case for frequency. If the situation doesn’t improve I’ll end up transferring this site (and the four others) which means another outage during the transition. Really not looking forward to that, either.

If you’re a reader with no intention of ever registering a website, by now this post has either put you to sleep or assured you that website ownership is a dumb idea. Leave that sort of crazy to the masochists.

Photo: February 4, 2012
Subtle Technologies: ArtScienceCamp2, Toronto

Some Expat Advice For Portuguese Winter


at large in January (Furadouro Beach – photo by Paulo)

There’s definitely a change of season in Portugal; it’s generally chillier at night but so far still in the 20s (Celsius) during the day. I’ll take it. In a couple of months I’ll be in my third Portuguese winter and I know what to expect. If you haven’t experienced Portuguese winter yet and are wondering what to pack, here’s my two cents.

Winter in Coastal Portugal

While there can be snow in the interior, coastal Portugal winter involves a mix of wind, rain, and sun. You can even have all three at once, but bet on dealing with any combination of those three elements.

Even on a warm day, you’ll need a windbreaker of some kind and a pair of sunglasses — not just to block the sun but to protect eyes from wind debris. Since the daytime winter sun can be strong enough to give you a sunburn (seriously!), on certain days it’s worth wearing sunblock that will also act as a moisturizer against skin-drying wind.

Weather and temperatures can be variable throughout the day, so layer your clothes, otherwise it’s too easy to overheat when the sun’s out and you’ll end up shivering in the shade.

Invest in a good rain jacket as part of your outer layer, preferably one with a hood because umbrellas are pretty useless most of the time and completely useless on a windy day. I keep mentioning the wind, but without it Portugal wouldn’t be known for its surfing!

I would also recommend a pair of quality rubber boots with good tread for those slippery calçadas (stone sidewalks), ones that will keep your feet dry — and sand out — when you wear them on the beach. Lastly but not leastly, you’ll need a pair of slippers for indoors.

So, to sum up, here’s the basic1 winter items list:

  • windbreaker and/or rain jacket with hood
  • sunglasses
  • sunblock
  • layers
  • boots
  • slippers (the more coverage, the better)

Depending on where you’re from, Portugal may feel colder or hotter than the sort of winter you’re familiar with. Portuguese houses are built for long, hot summers and winter only lasts a couple of months. We live in a modern apartment with central heating, a wood fireplace, and two sets of glass on all windows, which makes a big difference to the comfort level. We don’t use our central heating much, if at all. The first winter I turned on the heat a few times, but last winter I don’t think I turned it on once.

Older buildings don’t have central heating or insulation, and most have tile floors that stay cold all year — a problem for people who are used to fully-heated, winterized homes. If there’s one complaint I hear more than any other, it’s the reaction to cold + humidity. By cold I’m talking about above-zero temperatures, but it’s the humidity that’s the culprit. That’s why a rain jacket plus layers is more important than a cold-weather jacket that isn’t waterproof.

A Note On Electricity

Electricity costs in Portugal are a significant part of household expenses — see the (energy regulating authority) ERSE Portal for the current tables of electricity tariffs and the hours for off-peak rates. We monitor our energy usage closely and conserve energy wherever possible, using timers on our washing machine and dishwasher to run them outside peak times.

For a simplified baseline of utility expenses, see the Portugal section of the Numbeo website which provides a cost of living index with prices submitted by users. You can filter by city, too.

I’ll be posting more practical information about living in Portugal in response to related questions I receive by email and message. After two years, I figured it’s time to share the emails with a wider audience — to save my typing fingers!

Winter in Interior Portugal will be another post…


at large in January (Furadouro Beach – photo by Paulo)

January 24, 2015
Album: Beaches From Ovar to Aveiro [January 2015]

  1. Personal preference may include gloves or a hat (the wind may steal it!).

A Canadian, Two Years Away

Sunshine Coast, BC

On the Sunshine Coast of BC two years ago, capturing the last frames of Canadiana for a while… (photos by Paulo)

September 28, 2013

My friend took pity on me kindly drove me and my heavy suitcases of computer equipment from my apartment in Toronto to Pearson Airport. There I met up with Paulo, who had landed on a connecting flight that departed Vancouver that morning. I had flown the night before to use the last of my Aeroplan frequent flyer mileage and pick up the equipment that I didn’t want travelling in the back of my car, 4,358km across the country. It made for a nutty itinerary on my last day in Canada, but in the end everything went according to plan and we flew that evening from Pearson together, everything intact and no baggage fees (thanks SATA!).

September 28, 2015

Two years later, I have a ticket booked for Canada — at Christmastime. By the time I arrive, I will have been away 26.5 months. It’s not a record, come to think of it. I left Canada in November 1991 and was away for about a month longer, returning in early 1994 for a couple of weeks before flying back to the UK to resume work. I’ve calculated that in the past 25 years, I have lived outside of Canada for 6.5 years, or 26% of my adult life. The stints were late 1991 to early 1995 (Australia, UK), then late 2004 to early 2006 (USA), then late 2013 to today in Portugal. The major difference between then and now, apart from life experience, is the internet. It’s changed the expat experience completely.

What It Was Like Being An Expat in the Early ’90s

  • Keeping in touch with people was either slow, costly, or next-to-impossible. I wrote a TON of letters and bought phone cards. In the rare instance I found a broken payphone, I would proceed to call everyone in my address book (remember those?) who might be awake and then hog the payphone until someone harassed me or the phone company cut me off.
  • I lost track of people who were nomadic. Sometimes I would resort to calling their parents, if I had their contact details. Occasionally someone would give me the phone number of a parent or grandparent who spoke no English at all. Fun times on the phone!
  • I had no blog back then for people to read what was I was up to or update where I was. Everything I told one person, I had to repeat to another. Since I had no plan, everything was a surprise (even to me). To make sure I wasn’t repeating information to the same people (no copy/paste, no automatic archives), I kept dated lists. I would send postcards by the batch, writing variations of the same news, then kept one of the postcards with a summary of the news plus the list of recipients who received it. I also copied the date beside the person in my address book to keep a tally of how often that person was updated. This was my system for a long time, and it worked.
  • I was completely out of touch with what was going on in Canada. I didn’t know about the 1994 Stanley Cup riot in Vancouver until well after it happened (unlike the riot in 2011 when I was in Portugal and saw the news on my laptop). I remember arriving in London in February 1993 from Thailand, and visiting Canada House in Trafalgar Square soon after. In the lobby was a giant portrait of former Governor General Jeanne Sauvé (the first woman appointed to this post in Canada), announcing that she had passed away. I stood there in some disbelief that I would find out this way in London and not through a Canadian broadcaster. What was even stranger was that I had already been out of the country for more than a year and accustomed to receiving news from Canada in tiny dribs and drabs, if anything, and usually from a shop window or airport TV screen. It would take a catastrophe in Canada to show up in an international news feed. I was surprised at my own reaction at Trafalgar House, it was as if a distant relative had died and nobody told me.

What It’s Like Being An Expat in 2015

  • So much information. Two decades ago, living outside of Canada meant being quite cut off from what was happening and where. These days the news comes regurgitated and diluted from all directions; it takes filters and dams to keep it at a reasonable level. There’s quite a lot of nonsense, too, which makes it necessary to fetch news from different sources.
  • Social media is a beast. It’s an odd thing to have a mixture of acquaintances, close friends, distant family, and immediate family members all jumbled together virtually. Every channel has a different mix of people in it, a phenomenon that would never happen in real life, except at your own funeral — which of course you’d never be able to attend. Social media is like having a virtual room and inviting people you know to talk to you, but unlike a real world room where most people would naturally turn to talk to other people, too, in general those people are there to talk to YOU. In the virtual rooms, it’s perfectly OK to not say a word for long periods of time, unlike in real life where once you know someone is around, there would probably be (much) more interaction.
  • Social media abets (and begets) laziness. I must admit I’m far less diligent now about staying in touch with people even though it’s much easier and mostly free. Through the magic of the internet, people see what you’re doing and you see what they’re doing, but until someone says something you either assume they know and haven’t commented on it yet or jump to wild conclusions why they haven’t acknowledged it.
  • FOMO (Fear of Missing Out) is in the Oxford Dictionary, believe it or not. I’m far too old for FOMO the Millennium Edition, but I got the antiquated version of FOMO out of my system when it meant using one’s imagination only. Nowadays, social media will provide the visual reminder of what the distant people in your life are doing without you. For new expats and millennials, this can be a form of torture — “I’m missing friends and parties!” For Gen-X expats (and older), the modern version of FOMO is a generational difference, a likelihood and acceptance that the next flight home might be for a funeral rather than a wedding. Pre-internet, it was only possible to hear about someone’s terminal illness, but these days it is possible to witness it in real-time through a screen.
  • It’s easier to find people, and be found. This one can be an emotional landmine. No explanation necessary.
  • It’s easier to do (most) things long-distance. There was a time when the phone was a necessary device for making arrangements and reservations, maybe even a fax machine, currency exchange was a pain, and time zones were inconvenient. Now it matters far less, with many options for research, communication, confirmations, verifications, and payments. There’s email, SMS, MMS, contact forms, DMs, PMs, QR codes. However, the people who were always hard to reach are still hard to reach (I’m talking to you, Dad).
  • Technology still can’t fetch me a fresh Montreal bagel, but I can find the closest bagel shop. This is huge. There are mobile apps for all sorts of things, from maps to dating. If someone hasn’t yet built an app for finding which store now stocks real Canadian maple syrup, it’s just a matter of time. I remain hopeful.

On Voting

I can also tell you that being a Canadian abroad is not what it used to be, thanks to current policies regarding voting status:

If current policy continues, October 19 will be the last General Election in which I’m eligible to vote. Yes, I’m voting, even though I have issues with the eligibility requirements. I take civic duty seriously, like I did when I was in Canada. It doesn’t change just because I don’t live there. Although it is stated in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms that voting is part of our democratic rights as Canadians, it is trumped by this current policy that Canadians who live abroad for more than five years can’t vote. My personal view is that if the previous policy of letting the five-year rule reset with visits were reinstated, that would be enough for me. But there are plenty of arguments for why this arbitrary five-year rule doesn’t make sense on top of being unconstitutional, and there is a growing opposition towards it among the Canadian expat community.

The popular line is that we are “un-Canadian” because we don’t live in Canada. But talk to a Canadian abroad and you’ll see why choosing where to live is not the same as calling it home. See here for more Canadian expats who want to vote, and their stories.

Looking Forward

I’m excited about our trip to Vancouver in December, to see people and to eat all the food. I’ve spent two Christmases in Portugal and it’s time for a break. Although it’s not for another two and a half months, I’m already thinking about what to eat! But above all, I’m there to see people. In the past two years, an aunt passed away, my nieces and nephew have moved across the border to Washington State, a close friend got married, another close friend has been diagnosed with a rare form of cancer and is currently undergoing aggressive treatment, another friend has come out as transgender and is in transition. Time marches on, and there are probably other big life events that I’ve missed in the meantime. I lived in Toronto for more than seven years and got used to flying the five hours each away from Vancouver, but the distance from Porto to Vancouver is such that there are no direct flights and it makes for a much longer travel day (12.5 flight hours each way there, plus overnight in Amsterdam there and two stops on the return). Trips like this won’t be frequent, but I’ll make them count.

Sunshine Coast, BC

Here is the last gallery of photos I took during our epic cross-Canada road trip which I call Lua de Mel 2: Canada (our second honeymoon).

Continue reading

Postcards From Valletta, Malta

Valletta, Malta

Valletta, Malta, is one of the smallest capitals in the world and the smallest capital in the European Union. For such a tiny place there’s plenty to see, however, and if you’re interested in Baroque architecture there’s plenty to photograph, too. It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1980.

VisitMalta’s page on Valletta:


Here’s a glimpse of what you’d see in Valletta. For more pictures, see the Malta album.

Valletta, Malta (2)

Valletta, Malta

Valletta, Malta (4)

Valletta, Malta (5)

Valletta, Malta (6)

Valletta, Malta (7)

photo by Paulo

Valletta, Malta (8)

Valletta, Malta (9)

Valletta, Malta (10)

photo by Paulo

June 14, 2015
Album: Malta 2015

43 Things, At 43

43 Things, At 43

I have a separate post about my birthday in June, but I was in a random bullet point frame of mind for this part. Some of these will grow into their own post.

In no particular order:

  1. I can’t bring myself to emoji. I barely even emoticon.
  2. The older I get, the less I worry. Since I was never a worrier from the start, Paulo worries that I under-worry at times. People like us need to marry each other; net net, as my CFO friend says.
  3. Improvisation is underrated.
  4. To this day, some of the most sage advice I ever received in the past 10 years was from a night porter in the swanky hotel lobby of a Nordic country. He struck up a conversation in the wee hours, eventually confessing his complicated lifestyle to me which explained why he’s a night porter. It really got me thinking about the choices we make in order to make life more bearable. For some, the goal is happiness but for many the goal is bearable, even in a prosperous country.
  5. I haven’t had a case of FOMO for a very long time. Since before FOMO became an acronym.
  6. If 42 was the answer, is 43 the question?
  7. Portugal’s cafés have the perfect comfort food: torrada, super-thick toast that’s buttered on two sides.
  8. We have a cupboard full of gifted port and that collection is growing. If you come over, we will ply you with port!
  9. My CV is long for my age. Hopefully I won’t have to bring it out of retirement, ever (European CVs have far more detail than Canadian ones).
  10. My eyebrows are turning white.
  11. 43 is such an odd number that no-one owns up to being this age. When’s the last time you heard someone celebrating 43?
  12. I love having a dog, especially the one we’ve got. He brings such joy (and endless amounts of fur) to our lives.
  13. Adoption is still our plan, but we have to be married for four years to qualify. We’re only halfway there.
  14. I love the Portuguese word desenrascanço but I can’t pronounce it properly.
  15. I’m hopelessly attached to Portuguese coffee. Specifically, meia de leite with Delta coffee. Especially paired with a torrada.
  16. It’s easier to say I’m a photographer than to say I “create content”. That will probably mean something else in 5-10 years.
  17. I’m nearly a decade out from the worst year of my life. A mix of sadness and relief and nostalgia.
  18. My search for the best bolo de bolacha continues. It’s a lifelong quest.
  19. There is much to be learned from refugee experiences.
  20. I’ve reached 33 countries as of July (most of those multiple times). I don’t know what will be the 34th.
  21. I still can’t whistle.
  22. The next thing I’d love to fly in: a hot air balloon. Over Cappadocia, maybe?
  23. This year will be my last eligible vote in a Canadian federal election according to the newly-passed Bill C-24. You bet I’ll be voting.
  24. Everything worthwhile comes with a side (or more) of hardship.
  25. I don’t buy music anymore. I’ve reached the conclusion that it’s because I’m not driving anymore and therefore spend no time alone in the car on 1,500km+ road trips, which is when I discover new music.
  26. The next Portuguese frontier I’d like to visit: Madeira and Porto Santo.
  27. I still haven’t seen any Lord of the Rings or Hobbit movies, which leaves my memories of New Zealand intact as purely NZ landscapes with no comparisons to anything else. And is probably a reason why I have no motivation to see those films.
  28. Places don’t make people happy or unhappy, situations do.
  29. My first drawing of many years took place last month. I drew someone’s tattoo (his grandmother’s name) and gave it to him. The outcome wasn’t terrible, I think he liked it, and I enjoyed the process.
  30. I doubt I will ever get a tattoo, but never say never.
  31. Let’s not talk about how someone died. Let’s talk about how that person lived.
  32. I feel drawn to visiting small countries that most people can’t find on a map.
  33. I live near a surfing beach, but I still haven’t surfed and I feel like I’m wasting an opportunity. Like the time I worked at a ski resort and didn’t ski.
  34. There are some things that just don’t get easier with practice, like an appropriate and sincere email sign-off. Am I the only one who struggles with this? When I don’t know how to sign off, I just type my name and then it seems so abrupt and brusque.
  35. I have not stepped foot in South America. I would like to change that.
  36. Two years on, I’m feeling married and settling in to married life. Finally. Finally!
  37. My 7-year old DSLR has exceeded its life expectancy for the shutter count by leaps and bounds. I hope to do the same.
  38. The solidarity and community spirit I see in Portugal on a frequent basis is a wonderful thing to witness and an even more wonderful environment to live in.
  39. I’m still cutting my own hair. How much money I would’ve saved over the years if I’d started this sooner, even if I only had a haircut once or twice a year.
  40. I’m a terrible student. I’d rather gut fish than sit in a classroom. There are other ways to learn.
  41. I’ve discovered why Portugal is a good fit for me: it’s like a fine blend of Filipino culture and Canadian culture. Like me, haha!
  42. I don’t remember many restaurant meals but I do remember when someone cooks something especially for me.
  43. San Francisco artist Margaret Kilgallen passed away in 2001, but what she says here lives on and echoes in my brain. Words to live by.

* photo by Paulo, in San Marino (June 20, 2015)

Flashback Friday: Niagara-on-the-Lake

Niagara-on-the-Lake (February 2012)

For this Flashback Friday, I decided to go back to the earliest season I could find on the current external drive’s RAW files, and it happened to be the Winter of 2011/2012. I opened up an early folder and February was where I landed. These selfies were some of my last in years, because I lost the patience for making them. (Have you seen how heavy my camera is?) I don’t know why I didn’t upload them, but here they are, more than three years later. Here’s what I did upload and post of that day: sunset pictures.

As it turns out, the day I shot these is a significant for me. I had just finished a full day of volunteering at a wedding show representing The Brides’ Project in Niagara-on-the-Lake. When I drove home to Toronto, all I could hear on the news was information about the VIA Rail train derailment in Burlington that afternoon, a tragedy that claimed the lives of all three locomotive engineers and sent many of the 75 passengers to the hospital. It happened on a section of track that ran parallel to the highway I was driving, and the hospitals where the passengers were airlifted to were in almost immediate vicinity. The aftermath was all around me. In the time that it took me to drive home (about 75 minutes), I made a decision that changed my life — what would become the Turning 40 Series, which was completed on February 5, 2013. That’s about all I can divulge here, but if you’re interested in knowing more, all you have to do is ask.

Niagara-on-the-Lake (February 2012)

Niagara-on-the-Lake (February 2012)

February 26, 2012
Album: Toronto [Winter 2011/2012]

Blogging In 2015

Gail at Large, shooting in Iceland

shooting in Iceland with my first DSLR (Pentax K100D)

One of my objectives for this blog in 2015 is to (further*) throw chronology out the window in favour of diversity. In other words, expect trips to get chopped up into smaller posts and spread out across months, interspersed with other trips and mixed in with posts that follow a theme rather than a timeline. It’s a practice I began in 2014 by adding dates and album links at the bottom of every post, because one of things that drove me bananas when reading other blogs is the lack of a date stamp (for pictures and sometimes on text). Although it flies against the very nature of blogging (a neologism of web+logging) which shows posts in reverse chronological order, I want to make the blog more diverse than it has been and dust off the archives more often, instead of abandoning them to the whims of keyword searches.

Let’s face it: the world is constantly changing, information gets obsolete, even historic buildings get renovated or even destroyed, and my pictures are (generally) not time-sensitive unless it’s a special event — they’re only but a time capsule, anyway. For me, it makes much more sense to break down content into manageable pieces and present it over time with date stamps rather than attempt large posts and present them as complete packages. As well, I never get an idea that a place is “done” — I can return to places over and over and see new things every time.

Another reason to be diligent about date-stamping is the fact that the web itself is constantly changing, too. It’s an extremely ephemeral place with annoying headlines like “10 Places To See Before You Die” and “Top 20 Things To Do Before You’re 40” and “Best Travel Blogs Written By People Who Only Blog For SEO and PR Reps”. (OK, I made up that last one, but the weird world of blogging has taken a sharp commercial turn, to the point where people won’t blog without monetization.) Online presence is a fickle beast, and I’ve been publishing on the web for long enough that I’m more aware of this than ever. I installed a plugin for my website about six weeks ago that alerts me every day to broken links, and I’m continually surprised at the number of sites that I’ve outlasted. My blog is almost 13 years old, can you imagine how many broken links I had?? It’s taken me at least six weeks to whittle it down from 1,000+ to around half of that. The Wayback Machine must be running on overtime.

In the past I set goals to achieve this gargantuan task of processing entire albums (download, cull, tag, edit, upload, rinse, repeat) for trips and write text for the post in a timely fashion, and it still amazes me that I kept it up — mostly — for more than a decade while working, acquiring new skills and competencies, starting a business by myself, and maintaining a social life. It was always a running joke in my previous lives that I was a vampire who never slept. But the harsh reality is that something was always sacrificed, whether it was picture quality (editing takes time), or the text (writing is not my forté), or my sanity (not my forté, either). The archives are there to remind me. But now that I’m in my 40s, I’ve officially earned Old-Timer Blogger status and I’ve decided to try and write more to get the stories and ideas out of my head and into the website before I forget everything. (This post may or may not be prompted by seeing the movie Still Alice last week. Cue bucket lists!) It’s not easy because like I said, writing is not my forté and I’m the Slowest Writer Ever.

For the present my plan for the blog is to maintain its focus on places, culture, food and drink, but at the same time I need to remind myself that this is a blog and not a brochure for Life in Portugal, although it looks that way sometimes. Time to mix it up.

* First draft had “One of my objectives for this blog in 2015 is to throw chronology further out the window in favour of diversity.” Somehow, that just sounded a bit too violent…

February, Short And Semi-Sweet

February, the month we all love to hate

São Jacinto Dunes

I don’t know anyone who loves February, do you?

** crickets **

Did you know the Roman calendar didn’t even have February at all? They were smart, those Romans.

For users of the Gregorian calendar — and I’m guessing that would be most of you — it’s the second month of the year, the only month with less than 30 days, the third month of winter, and the stage where we’ve lost our minds to cold, because in some places we let a furry animal become the harbinger of spring.

If you’re wondering where the word February comes from, let me save you two seconds of googling:

It was named after the Latin word februum, which means purification because the month was a time for purification.

  • Middle English – Februarius
  • Latin name – Februarius mensis – Month of Februa
  • Latin – dies februatus – Day of Purification
  • Old English – Solmonath – mud month

Mud month?? I was going to suggest we reclaim the month for its original purposes, snatch it away from the commercial scourge and modern life pressure tactics of Valentine’s Day, but I’m not sure mud month is a good substitution. How about purification? I don’t know what purification involved back then, but I’m guessing it’s probably not legal these days.

So what should we do with February besides set up a base camp in the Southern Hemisphere where it is summer, you ask?

Well, for one thing I think we should make February 14 a day to adopt a rescue animal, but something tells me this idea won’t catch on. (I may be a married woman now, but I won’t give up my annual railing against Valentine’s Day.)

Failing that, I think we should be kinder to one another. All relationships need nurturing, not just the romantic ones. And I’m all for making February a month to perform random acts of kindness. Are you with me?

On that note, I should mention that today is a big anniversary for me: it’s the 2nd Anniversary of my Turning 40 Series Finale. If you are remotely curious about it, please contact me for access to the page — it must remain behind a password for the general public but I would like to share it with readers of Gail at Large.

Road Trip Preview: International Douro Natural Park

International Douro Natural Park (Portugal/Spain) (1)

me and a Miranda donkey (photo by Paulo)

Our last bit of travel for 2014 has sadly come to an end, a post-Christmas 1,100km road trip around International Douro Natural Park. On the Portuguese side it’s called Parque Natural do Douro Internacional, and on the Spanish side it’s called Arribes del Duero Natural Park. More about the trip after the photos are sorted and labelled — I need Paulo’s help to identify all the places and he’s down for the count after all the driving!

Screen shot 2014-12-30 at 2.11.33 AM

International Douro Natural Park (Portugal/Spain) (2)

near Freixo de Espada à Cinta

International Douro Natural Park (Portugal/Spain) (3)

me, Ice, a hydroelectric dam, and a curious sheep

International Douro Natural Park (Portugal/Spain) (4)

Paulo and Ice at a viewpoint in Castile and León (Spain)

International Douro Natural Park (Portugal/Spain) (5)

Arribes del Duero Natural Park (Spain)

International Douro Natural Park (Portugal/Spain) (6)

Faia da Água Alta (near Lamoso, Bemposta, Mogadouro)

December 26-29, 2014
Album: International Douro Nature Park 2014

Flashback Friday: Sagrada Familia, 2004

Sagrada Familia

Sagrada Familia – April 23, 2004

Have you been to Barcelona? Want to see what Sagrada Familia looked like more than 10 years ago? This is it. (Excuse the terrible photos. I’m still cringing, 10 years later.) I’ve been back to Barcelona but *@!% things happened and I didn’t get a chance to return to Sagrada Familia to take pictures of the progress.

Album: Spain 2004

Sagrada Familia

Sagrada Familia – April 23, 2004

I went to the official website to see how things are going. I don’t have any interior shots to compare, so I viewed the aerials. Hmmm, still lots of cranes.

I went to Flickr to view some newer exterior shots. These were all taken on August 23, 2014 by Ferran Pestaña and have Creative Commons CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 licenses:

Sagrada Familia 69

Sagrada Familia by Ferran Pestaña

Sagrada Familia 64

Sagrada Familia by Ferran Pestaña

Sagrada Familia 60

Sagrada Familia by Ferran Pestaña

It’s been under construction nearly 133 years, but La Sagrada Família is a long way from being finished. Gaudí died 88 years ago, but his vision carries on. From the official website:


The expiatory church of La Sagrada Família is a work on a grand scale which was begun on 19 March 1882 from a project by the diocesan architect Francisco de Paula del Villar (1828-1901). At the end of 1883 Gaudí was commissioned to carry on the works, a task which he did not abandon until his death in 1926. Since then different architects have continued the work after his original idea.

The building is in the centre of Barcelona, and over the years it has become one of the most universal signs of identity of the city and the country. It is visited by millions of people every year and many more study its architectural and religious content.

It has always been an expiatory church, which means that since the outset, 132 years ago now, it has been built from donations. Gaudí himself said: “The expiatory church of La Sagrada Família is made by the people and is mirrored in them. It is a work that is in the hands of God and the will of the people.” The building is still going on and could be finished some time in the first third of the 21st century.

Check out the chronology: to date, Sagrada Família has managed to survive the sudden death of its chief architect (Antoni Gaudí died in June 1926 after getting run over by a tram), two world wars, the Spanish Civil War, an arsonist, chronic need to fundraise, and a threat to its stability brought on by the recent addition of high-speed trains running below. Estimates for completion are always a moving target, but it’s optimistically slated for 2026, a hundred years after Gaudí’s death.

I’ve written before about churches taking a long time to build — Hallgrímskirkja in particular, but that was “only” 38 years in the making. Sagrada Família, at 132 and counting, is a building project of epic proportions! Hopefully I’ll get back there soon and give you a photo update myself, with better pictures.